Selected from nominations submitted to the Stakeholder Group, the Independent Expert Group is responsible for the Global Nutrition Report’s data, analysis and conclusions, and is accountable for the quality and independence of its content.
Lawrence Haddad is a Senior Research Fellow in the International Food Policy Research Institute’s Poverty Health and Nutrition Division. He was the Director of the Institute of Development Studies, Sussex, from 2004 to 2014. Prior to that he was a Division Director at IFPRI and a Lecturer in Development Economics at the University of Warwick. He is an economist and his main research interests are at the intersection of poverty, food insecurity, and malnutrition.
Corinna Hawkes is a specialist in food policy and food systems approaches to addressing obesity and diet-related noncommunicable diseases. She has worked at the World Health Organization, the International Food Policy Research Institute, the School of Public Health at the University of Sao Paulo, Brazil, and as Head of Policy and Public Affairs at the World Cancer Research Fund International. She is an Honorary Research Fellow at the Centre for Food Policy, City University, London, and serves as an advisor at the Leverhulme Center for Integrative Research into Agriculture and Health. She has a PhD from Kings College, University of London, UK
Emorn Udomkesmalee (Wasantwisut) is a Senior Advisor and Former Director of the Institute of Nutrition, Mahidol University, Thailand. She currently holds the position of Adjunct Associate Professor in the Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, USA. She is a nutrition biochemist and her research interests include micronutrient assessment, bioavailability and metabolism.
Endang L. Achadi has experience as an educator, researcher, and consultant in nutrition and maternal and child health. She has a degree in Medicine from the University of Indonesia, a master’s degree in Public Health and a doctorate of Public Health, both from the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, USA. After graduating from medical school she worked as a doctor at a Community Health Center and then served as faculty member and chair of the Public Health Nutrition Department at the Faculty of Public Health University of Indonesia until 2008. She has vast experience as national and international consultant in nutrition projects and programmes which has made her familiar with local, regional, and global nutrition problems. Endang has been involved as resource person or consultant to the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of National Planning and Development Board, Government of Indonesia in the development of policy and national plan in food and nutrition, and recently has been involved in the development of the National Framework and the National Program Planning Guideline in response to the Scaling Up Nutrition movement. She has published nutrition articles in international and national journals, and developed book chapters and guidelines in nutrition for students, health providers, private midwives, teachers, field health volunteers, school children and the wider community.
Mohamed is currently working with the FAO Regional Office for Africa as Senior Nutrition Officer. In this position, he is in charge of technical support on nutrition and food security to regional institutions, sub-regional offices and countries as well as ensuring that nutrition issues are integrated adequately in the work at sub-regional and at country level and well integrated in the national programmes of food security and agriculture.
Previously he worked for UNICEF Mauritania as Nutrition Manager and for Helen Keller International as Regional Nutrition Adviser, based in Dakar.
His other previous positions have included Country Director for Burkina Faso at Helen Keller International and Regional Nutrition Advisor, based in Mali and providing technical assistance in nutrition programs to all HKI offices in Africa.
He has over ten years of experience in international nutrition intervention. Prior to his tenure with HKI he worked as epidemiologist for the SSE Research programme (Food Security and Nutrition Component) funded by Norway Government and as Co-ordinator for the Nutrition Working Group in Mali, monitoring nutrition status for a program funded by the World Bank.
He has a Ph.D. in Nutrition from the University of Bordeaux 2 in France, and a doctorate in Pharmaceutics from the National Doctoral and Pharmacy School in Bamako, Mali.
Arti joined the Indian Administrative Service in 1990. She worked in remote tribal areas of the eastern state of Odisha in the initial years as head / sub head of the district. Thereafter, she took on a state wide role in Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) and Health, looking after ICDS, health systems strengthening, AIDS control, population issues and disaster management. She was subsequently selected as a faculty member and Deputy Director at the National Academy of Administration, Mussoorie, training senior civil servants in social sector issues, project management, economics and law, and editing the Academy Journal. Arti currently hold the position of Secretary (Administrative Head) of the Women and Child Development Department in Odisha, implementing programmes relating to nutrition, early childhood education, child protection, women’s empowerment, self help groups, pensions, welfare of the elderly and for persons with disabilities. Many of the structural reforms and innovations carried out in the department have been recognised as best practice by different agencies.
Arti holds 3 masters degrees in public health, public policy and economics from the Harvard School of Public Health, Princeton University and Punjab University respectively.
Zulfiqar A. Bhutta is the Robert Harding Inaugural Chair in Global Child Health at the Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, the co-director of the SickKids Centre for Global Child Health and the Founding Director of the Centre of Excellence in Women and Child Health, at the Aga Khan University, unique joint appointments. He also holds adjunct professorships at several leading Universities globally including the Schools of Public Health at Johns Hopkins (Baltimore), Tufts University (Boston), University of Alberta, as well as the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine. He is a designated Distinguished National Professor of the Government of Pakistan and was the Founding Chair of the National Research Ethics Committee of the Government of Pakistan from 2003-2014. Dr Bhutta is one of the seven member Independent Expert Review Group (iERG) appointed by the UN Secretary General for monitoring global progress in maternal and child health Millennium Development Goals.
Zulfiqar was educated at the University of Peshawar (MBBS) and obtained his PhD from the Karolinska Institute, Sweden. He is a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians (Edinburgh & London), the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health (London), American Academy of Pediatrics and the Pakistan Academy of Sciences. He heads a large research team in Pakistan working on issues of maternal, newborn and child survival and nutrition globally and regionally.
Dr. Luz María De-Regil is the Director of Research and Evaluation and Chief Technical Advisor at the Micronutrient Initiative (MI), where she oversees MI's nutrition surveillance, implementation research, and program evaluation strategies. Dr. De-Regil is also a member of several advisory groups working in the nutrition arena, an associate editor of the Cochrane Library, and a courtesy professor at Cornell University’s College of Human Ecology.
She brings to the Global Nutrition Report’s Independent Evaluation Group extensive knowledge and experience in global nutrition surveillance, program implementation and global nutrition governance.
Dr. De-Regil holds a Bachelor’s degree of Science in Food and Nutrition, a Master’s degree of Sciences and a Doctorate of Sciences in Public Health. She also did postgraduate studies in International Negotiation and Policy Making. Prior to joining the Micronutrient Initiative, she held positions at the National Institute of Perinatology and Universidad Iberoamericana (both in Mexico City), the Children's Hospital Research Institute (Oakland, California), and the World Health Organization (Switzerland).
Jessica Fanzo PhD is the Bloomberg Distinguished Associate Professor of Ethics and Global Food and Agriculture in the Berman Institute of Bioethics and the School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University. Prior to that appointment, Jessica served as an Assistant Professor of Nutrition in the Institute of Human Nutrition and Department of Pediatrics at Columbia University in New York from 2013 to 2015. She also acted as the Senior Advisor of Nutrition Policy at the Center on Globalization and Sustainable Development. She has worked at United Nations World Food Programme and Bioversity International in Rome Italy, and the Millennium Development Goal Centre at the World Agroforestry Centre based in Kenya. Jessica’s area of expertise is on the linkages between agriculture, nutrition, health and the environment in the context of sustainable and equitable diets and livelihoods.
Rafael Flores-Ayala is the Team Lead of the International Micronutrient Malnutrition Prevention and Control Program at the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention since February 2008. Previously he was a Research Associate Professor at the Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University (2001-2008) and he remains as an adjunct associate professor. Rafael served in several distinguished positions at the International Food Policy Research Institute and the Institute of Nutrition of Central America and Panama. His main interest is to bring together research, policy and programs to improve the nutritional status of vulnerable populations.
Patrizia Fracassi is Senior Nutrition Analyst and Policy Advisor in the SUN Movement Secretariat. Previously she worked in Ethiopia as a consultant for UNICEF on Nutrition Information System strengthening and for the World Bank on Linkages between the Productive Safety Net Program and the National Nutrition Program. Patrizia previously worked for UNICEF Uganda as a Nutrition Specialist and for NGOs, CESVI and Oxfam Italia in Vietnam, as Country Representative and Program Manager, specialising in Community Based Nutrition, Primary Health Care and Livelihoods. She has also developed and continues to manage the technical content of nutrition website motherchildnutrition.org.
Patrizia holds a master’s degrees in Human Sciences and Development Management. She is currently pursuing a part-time Doctorate in Health Research.
Laurence Grummer-Strawn, MPA, MA, PhD, is a technical officer at the World Health Organization, coordinating work on infant and young child feeding. Until December 2014, he served as chief of the Nutrition Branch at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Having earned his PhD from Princeton University, he worked at CDC for over 23 years, in the areas of Reproductive Health and Nutrition. He is an epidemiologist who has published over 150 scientific publications. He is recognized internationally for his work on vitamin and mineral deficiencies, breastfeeding policy, and development of both the CDC and the WHO Growth Charts. He chaired the Iodine Global Network, co-chaired the National Fruit and Vegetable Alliance, and served on the Executive Management Team of the Flour Fortification Initiative and the US Breastfeeding Committee.
Elizabeth Kimani is an associate research scientist at the African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC) and a Wellcome Trust research fellow. Elizabeth is a Public Health Specialist/Epidemiologist and holds a PhD in Public Health focusing on the double burden of malnutrition; a master’s degree in Public Health, specialising in epidemiology and disease control; and a Bachelor of Science degree in Environmental Health. She has over ten years of cumulative research experience, particularly on child nutrition in sub-Saharan Africa, using both quantitative and qualitative methods. She is currently conducting intervention studies of urban slums in Nairobi and rural settings in Kenya, aimed at testing the effectiveness of the baby friendly community initiative on infant and young child nutrition and health outcomes.
Eunice Nago Koukoubou is a specialist in human nutrition. She is a lecturer and researcher at the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences (FSA) of the University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin. She works in the Department of Nutrition and Food Science (DNSA). With a background in agricultural engineering and a master’s degree in Nutrition and Food Science, she did her PhD research at Ghent University in Belgium, on the prevention of overweight and obesity among school adolescents in urban Benin. Her particular focus was the nutritional contribution and quality of foods prepared out of the home. Eunice has worked as local nutrition consultant for international institutions active in Benin, including CARE International and UNICEF where she worked on the framework of universal salt iodisation in Benin. She participated in the case study of Senegal within the United Nations Standing Committee on Nutrition (UNSCN) country policy analysis on the nutrition impact of agriculture and food systems. She has also been involved in the EU-funded project SUNRAY (Sustainable Nutrition Research for Africa in the Years to come, 2011-2012) which highlights the need to link the evidence from nutrition research in Africa with policy development and implementation and to promote networking of African nutrition researchers within the continent, in order to alleviate malnutrition.
Yves Martin-Prével is an epidemiologist who graduated in Medicine at the Faculty of Montpellier (France) with further specialization in tropical medicine and in public health. He holds also a diploma in Food and Nutrition in Developing Countries (University of Montpellier), an MSc in Statistics (University of Paris XI) and a PhD in Public Health (University of Paris VI).
Yves entered the Nutrition Research Unit of the IRD (the French Institute of Research for Development) in 1992 and is now its deputy director and head of the “Public Nutrition” team. He has been doing research in the field of international nutrition for more than 20 years, with longstanding posting in Africa. His main research topics and areas of expertise include indicators of food security and dietary diversity, relationships between food vulnerability and nutrition security, urban nutrition, evaluation of nutritional and nutrition-sensitive interventions (particularly social/cash transfers) and nutrition surveillance systems. He is also, or has been, part of various Experts’ Committees and Task Forces for international organisations, notably FAO, WHO, WFP, UNSCN and the European Commission.
Purnima Menon is a Senior Research Fellow in IFPRI’s Poverty, Health and Nutrition Division, and is based at IFPRI’s Asia office in New Delhi, India. She conducts applied nutrition research in the South Asia region, with a focus on programs and policies to improve maternal and child nutrition.
Currently, Dr. Menon leads a team that is conducting impact and process evaluations of Alive and Thrive, a Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation-supported initiative to improve infant and young child feeding and child nutrition in Bangladesh, Viet Nam and Ethiopia. The Alive & Thrive evaluation portfolio includes a set of rigorous impact and process evaluations and cost studies of Alive and Thrive’s interventions to scale-up and improve community- and health system-based behavior change communications interventions to improve nutrition as well as policy process research methods to measure and document the influence of media, advocacy and policy support, on shaping nutrition policy landscapes. Dr. Menon also co-directs POSHAN (Partnerships and Opportunities to Strengthen and Harmonize Actions for Nutrition in India), a new 4-year initiative to build evidence, partnerships and communications to improve nutrition policy and program actions for nutrition in India and to document the impact of this initiative.
Rachel Nugent is a development economist with 30 years experience in policy analysis of agricultural, environmental, and health conditions in developing countries. Since 2000, she has worked on global health policy with particular emphasis on nutrition-related diseases. Rachel was a senior economist at the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization from 1997-2000 when she joined the Fogarty International Center of the NIH where she served as liaison to the trans-NIH obesity task force, and was co-chair of the trans-NIH international nutrition subcommittee. She has served as a technical expert to the World Health Organization and Director of Health and Economic Development at the Population Reference Bureau and Deputy Director of Global Health at the Center for Global Development.
In recent years, Rachel has worked on the economic evaluation of health interventions and fiscal policies to address non-communicable diseases. She was a member of the Institute of Medicine ad hoc Committee on Cardiovascular Disease in Developing Countries (2009-2010) and chair of the IOM Workshop on Developing a Toolkit for Managing NCDs in Developing Countries (2011.) Rachel was also a member of the Lancet NCD Action Group, the NCD Alliance Advisory Team. She is director of the Disease Control Priorities Network at the UW Department of Global Health, and editor of the vascular disease volume of that enterprise.
Stineke Oenema is a nutritionist (graduated in the 1993, Wageningen University) with a strong background in the health aspects of nutrition as well as nutrition in developing countries. Since 1993 she has worked on nutrition from a food security perspective, always considering what extra steps are needed to move from food security to nutrition security. In addition, she has done work focused on the links between agriculture and nutrition. Through her work in the area of the Right to Food, she has developed a strong sense for the underlying (social, economic and political) factors that contribute to malnutrition.
Judith is a co-founder and Executive Director of Development Initiatives. Prior to establishing Development Initiatives with Tony German in 1992, the two job-shared as director of public affairs at ActionAid. They have produced a wealth of publications and papers, notably as founding editors and advisors on Reality of Aid, 1991-2004.
Judith is well known in the NGO and donor communities for her work on aid statistics, financing instruments and humanitarian aid trends and is a sought-after speaker on the issue. Judith notably directs the Global Humanitarian Assistance programme and Development Initiative’s work with ONE/DATA.
Jennifer Harris Requejo currently serves as a Senior Technical Officer managing the Countdown to 2015 initiative. She is based at the Partnership for Maternal, Newborn & Child Health hosted by the World Health Organization. In this capacity she works closely with the nutrition community on the set of maternal, and infant and young child feeding indicators monitored by Countdown. Jennifer’s educational background includes considerable emphasis on the health and relationship benefits of breastfeeding for both women and their babies, and an exploration of factors facilitating and detracting from women’s ability to breastfeed immediately after birth and up to two years of age and beyond. Her professional experience as a faculty member at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health has equipped her with skills in global monitoring and evaluation with a focus on maternal, newborn and child health including all forms of malnutrition.
Boyd Swinburn is the Professor of Population Nutrition and Global Health at the University of Auckland and Alfred Deakin Professor and Director of the World Health Organisation (WHO) Collaborating Centre for Obesity Prevention at Deakin University in Melbourne. He trained as a specialist endocrinologist and has conducted research in metabolic, clinical and public health aspects of obesity. His major research interests are centred on community and policy actions to prevent childhood and adolescent obesity, and reduce, what he has coined, the ‘obesogenic’ food environment.
He is Co-Chair of the World Obesity/Policy & Prevention (formerly known as IOTF) and was President of the Australia and New Zealand Obesity Society (ANZOS) from 2005-7. He has also contributed to over 30 WHO consultations and reports on obesity, authored over 300 publications and given over 400 presentations. Through these efforts he is significantly contributing to national and global efforts to reduce the obesity epidemic.
A Data Access Group facilitates the access to and interpretation of data included in the Report.
- Jose Luiz Alvarez Morán (Coverage Monitoring Network, Action Against Hunger, UK)
- Luz Maria De-Regil (Micronutrient Initiative, Canada)
- Dolf te Lintelo (Institute of Development Studies, UK)
- Gretchen Stevens (World Health Organization, Switzerland)